Latvijas Banka is the central bank of Latvia – an independent institution and a member of the Eurosystem. The primary objective of Latvijas Banka is the same as that of the central banks of other euro area countries and the European Central Bank: price stability (inflation rates below, but close to, 2% over the medium term). This is an essential precondition for a strong and growth-oriented economy. To achieve that, Latvijas Banka participates in the formulation and implementation of the Eurosystem's monetary policy.

Latvijas Banka promotes analysis and research of macroeconomic and financial issues, thereby laying a secure foundation for professional activities in these areas. The role of an industry expert helps Latvijas Banka raise public awareness of the development of the economy and the monetary system, the current situation and the economic policy being pursued. Latvijas Banka takes an active part in educating the general public on various economic topics.

Latvijas Banka, acting in the public and economic interest, carries out several tasks significant for each and every inhabitant, financial markets and the public at large:

– participates in the formulation and implementation of the euro area's monetary policy;

– issues cash in Latvia and participates in ensuring the cash circulation process in the euro area;

– discharges the function of the central national currency authentication centre;

– maintains the interbank payment systems' infrastructure (including the infrastructure for instant payments);

– manages the foreign reserves and other financial investments;

– acts as the financial agent of Latvia's government and provides financial services to other market participants;

– compiles and publishes financial, monetary statistics and balance of payments statistics;

– maintains and develops the Credit Register;

– acts as an advisor to the Parliament and Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Latvia on monetary policy issues and other issues related to Latvijas Banka's operation.